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영자신문독해 026: FDA expected to OK Pfizer vaccine for teens within week

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작성자 조현수토익_온라인 작성일21-05-09 00:00 조회2회 댓글0건

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AP / May 5, 2021

FDA expected to OK Pfizer vaccine for teens within week

Washington -- The US Food and Drug Administration is expected to authorize Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine for youngsters ages 12 to 15 by next week, according to a federal official and a person familiar with the process, setting up shots for many before the beginning of the next school year.

The announcement is set to come a month after the company found that its shot, which is already authorized for those age 16 and older, also provided protection for the younger group.

The federal official, speaking on the condition of anonymity to preview the FDA's action, said the agency was expected to expand its emergency use authorization for Pfizer's two-dose vaccine by early next week, and perhaps even sooner.

The person familiar with the process, who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss internal matters, confirmed the timeline and added that it is expected that the FDA will approve Pfizer's use by even younger children sometime this fall.

The FDA action will be followed by a meeting of a federal vaccine advisory committee to discuss whether to recommend the shot for 12- to 15-year-olds. Shots could begin after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adopts the committee's recommendation. Those steps could be completed in a matter of days.

The New York Times first reported on the expected timing for the authorization.

Pfizer in late March released preliminary results from a vaccine study of 2,260 US volunteers ages 12 to 15, showing there were no cases of COVID-19 among fully vaccinated adolescents compared with 18 among those given dummy shots.

Kids had side effects similar to young adults, the company said. The main side effects are pain, fever, chills and fatigue, particularly after the second dose. The study will continue to track participants for two years for more information about long-term protection and safety.

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NOTES: FDA

*authorize = OK, approve 인가하다, 재가하다
*shots = jabs 주사

*preview 시사평을 쓰다
*emergency use authorization
긴급 사용 승인
*two-dose 2회 투여

*internal matters 내부 사정
*timeline 연대표, 시각표

*advisory committee 자문위원회, 고문단
*adopt 채택하다, 취하다
*in a matter of days 며칠 안에

*preliminary results 예비 결과
*vaccinated 백신접종된
*adolescent 청소년
*dummy 모조의, 가짜의
cf. placebo 위약, 속임약

*side effects 부작용
*fever 열
*chills 오한
*fatigue 피로
*track 추적하다, 뒤쫓다

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